Contents: Acknowledgements; Authorities; Abbreviations; 1. The Renaissance of a cause of action; 2. The historical evolution of denial of justice; 3. Three fundamental developments; 4. The modern definition of denial of justice; 5. Exhaustion of local remedies and denial of justice; 6. Denial of justice by outside interference; 7. Denial of justice by the decision-maker; 8. Remedies and sanctions; 9. The menace of 'obscure arbiters'?