Competition Inspections under EU Law
� A Practitioners Guide
   
 
Författare:Jalabert-Doury Nathalie
Titel:Competition Inspections under EU Law � A Practitioners Guide
Utgivningsår:2020
Omfång:206 sid.
Förlag:Concurrences
ISBN:9781939007988
Ämnesord:Marknadsrätt , EU-rätt , Utländsk rätt

Pris: 1829 SEK exkl. moms

 

The power to conduct inspections at companies’ premises and homes constitutes one of the most powerful enforcement tools of the European Commission. Inspection can also be coordinated at the European and international levels when several authorities investigate the same international cartels, as well as when the suspected participants have their main offices abroad.

Inspections entail high risks for the companies and individuals concerned, and not only because they could ultimately lead to an infringement decision. Private life and legal privilege issues will necessarily arise and appropriate measures need to be implemented to reduce the risk of obstruction.

Against this backdrop Nathalie Jalabert-Doury presents an in-depth analysis of the legal and practical aspects of competition inspections under EU law to provide lawyers willing to prepare upstream as well as those facing such an inspection with a clear understanding of the procedures involved and steps to be taken.

The author lays out the two main regimes of antitrust enquiries under Regulation 1/2003: inspections carried out on the basis of a Commission decision (Article 20(4)), and those operated on the basis of an authorization (Article 20 (3)). For each regime, she describes the entire course of an inspection in chronological order and with extreme precision. Specific inspection procedures are also discussed separately, as well as inspections based on cooperation mechanisms through the European Competition Network.

Enriched by the author’s vast experience on the topic, the book is a necessary and essential guide for competition law practitioners faced with an EU inspection. It is a must-have title for enforcers, judges, in-house counsels and lawyers alike.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Foreword................................................................................................................. I
Introduction............................................................................................................. 1
Chapter 1 - Inspections Upon Decision
(Regulation 1/2003, Article 20(4))....................... 7
I. Nature, Agents and Scope .................................................................. 7
1. Nature of inspection powers under Regulation 1/2003, article 20(4)... 7
2. Competent authority and agents ...................................................... 9
3. Scope of Article 20(4)...................................................................... 12
4. Evidence-gathering and allocation of cases within the ECN ......... 14
II. Compatibility With Fundamental Rights......................................... 17
1. Inspections and privacy rights ......................................................... 18
2. Inspections and due process............................................................. 25
III. The Decision Ordering Inspections................................................... 42
1. Adoption procedure .......................................................................... 42
2. Formal and substantive requirements.............................................. 44
3. No prior EU judicial review ............................................................ 50
4. National court order(s)..................................................................... 52
IV. The Arrival of Inspectors and Notification of the Decision........... 59
1. The arrival of inspectors.................................................................. 59
2. Presence of a representative of the addressee of the decision
and of external advisers ................................................................... 67
3. Notification of the inspection decision............................................ 72
4. Setting the inspection process.......................................................... 86
V. The Cooperation Obligation and Penalties Incurred
for Obstruction or Lack of Cooperation.......................................... 87
1. The duty to cooperate actively ........................................................ 88
2. Obstruction and applicable penalties............................................... 90
3. Other consequences.......................................................................... 99
VI. The Premises Subject to the Inspection ........................................... 100
1. Scope of the decision in relation to business premises.................. 101
2. Access to business premises in practice.......................................... 103
3. Other premises including private homes......................................... 106
GO TO TABLE OF CONTENTS
IV N. Jalabert-Doury – Competition Inspections under EU Law
Table of Contents
VII. The Search, Review and Copy of Relevant Information ............... 109
1. Documents and data which are considered relevant....................... 110
2. Out-of-scope documents and data.................................................... 112
3. Legally privileged documents.......................................................... 117
4. Other potential issues in relation to documents and data............... 123
5. The document and data collection and review process in practice 128
VIII. Seals ..................................................................................................... 135
IX. Questions and Interviews ................................................................... 140
1. Types of questions which need to be answered.............................. 141
2. Persons responsible for answering questions.................................. 144
3. Obligation to cooperate .................................................................... 144
4. Statements made by members of staff ............................................ 145
5. Organisation of questions and answers ........................................... 146
X. End of the Inspection.......................................................................... 148
1. Finalisation of minutes and document exports................................ 149
2. Response Team debriefing ............................................................... 150
XI. Continued Inspections......................................................................... 151
1. Principle............................................................................................ 152
2. Sealing off the data and documents with a view
to a continued inspection ................................................................. 154
3. Choosing between the offices of the Commission and those
of the inspected company ................................................................ 157
4. The continued inspection ................................................................. 158
XII. Judicial Review.................................................................................... 158
1. Ex post judicial review with very limited exceptions..................... 158
2. Judicial review of the legality of the inspection decision .............. 160
3. Action for annulment against the final decision ............................. 162
4. Other potential actions ..................................................................... 163
5. Judicial review of the national judicial order (if any).................... 166
6. Interaction with the case team and Hearing Officer....................... 166
Chapter 2 - Inspections Upon Authorisation
(Article 20(3))............................................................... 167
I. Compatibility with Fundamental Rights.......................................... 167
II. Authorisation to Conduct an Inspection .......................................... 168
III. The Arrival of Inspectors................................................................... 169
IV. The Cooperation Obligation and the Penalties Incurred............... 171
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Table of Contents
Competition Inspections under EU Law – N. Jalabert-Doury V
V. Premises Subject to the Inspection ................................................... 172
VI. Review and Copy of Relevant Information ..................................... 173
VII. Seals....................................................................................................... 173
VIII. Oral Questions..................................................................................... 173
IX. End of the Inspection.......................................................................... 174
X. Judicial Review.................................................................................... 174
Chapter 3 - Specific Inspection Procedures.......................... 175
I. The Inspection Procedure under the Merger Regulation.............. 175
II. The State Aids Inspection Procedure ............................................... 177
III. Inspection Procedure Imposed by an Individual Decision ............ 179
Chapter 4 - European Competition Network Inspections.... 181
I. Implementation of Article 22 by/for the French Competition
Authority (Inspections)....................................................................... 181
II. Delegation by the Commission .......................................................... 182
1. Cases for delegation ......................................................................... 182
2. Powers of inspectors ........................................................................ 183
3. Next steps in the procedure ............................................................. 184
4. Judicial review.................................................................................. 184
III. Delegation to/from Another NCA ..................................................... 185
1. Cases for delegation ......................................................................... 185
2. Powers of inspectors ........................................................................ 186
3. Next steps in the procedure ............................................................. 187
4. Judicial review.................................................................................. 188
Index ................................................................................................................... 189
 
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