Contents: 1. Introduction; 2. Is competition law beneficial?; 3. Is an international competition agreement desirable?; 4. Is there sufficient basis for an international competition agreement?; 5. Have existing cross-border initiatives proved sufficient?; 6. Would the WTO provide a suitable institutional vehicle?; 7. Would a WTO competition agreement promote international trade?; 8. Would competition regulation of trade promote competition?; 9. Should competition principles be introduced into anti-dumping law? 10. Optimal objectives and principles for a WTO competition agreement; 11. What is the optimal content for a WTO competition agreement?; 12. What is the optimal structure for a WTO competition agreement?; 13. Would a WTO competition agreement be politically achievable?; 14. Conclusion: A plurilateral agreement should be incorporated into the WTO; Appendix: Draft negotiating text for a plurilateral WTO competition agreement.